Caution on Corona

Elijah Nichols, Reporter

The  China coronavirus outbreak that started to spread across the oceans is now becoming a global emergency that can not be ignored.

The death toll has risen to 170 in China, with more than 7,700 confirmed cases of infection as of January 30. An almost overnight increase of more than 1,500. Other countries in the region are also reporting more people infected — nearly all of them tourists from China. 

At least 71 cases have been recorded outside of China and the self-ruling island of Taiwan. Person-to-person transmission of the virus has been reported in China, Taiwan, Japan, Vietnam, and Germany. More than 200 Americans evacuated from Wuhan and landed in California on January 29. After evacuating 206 people from the virus epicenter morning of January 29, Japan is readying a second charter flight to bring more of its citizens. Twelve Japanese evacuees were showing symptoms of illness and have been hospitalized. The United Arab Emirates has reported four cases — the first in the Middle East — from one family traveling from Wuhan. Hong Kong and Australia’s governmental health services both said they had two new cases on January 29. 

Infections have also been confirmed in France, South Korea, Japan, Nepal, Cambodia, Singapore, Vietnam, Taiwan, Canada, and Sri Lanka, and the health committees of many countries are concerned with the rapid spreading and easiness of contamination.

The Chinese National Health Commission also closed the borders to Wuhan, China, due to how fast corona is spreading. The outbreak was assumed to be in the market place and, like the swine flu, is likely linked to animal-human interactions. The market place is located close to the train station, which is a crucial aspect of why there is a rapid spreading of the virus.

According to the Center for Disease and Prevention, the common human coronaviruses “usually cause mild to moderate upper-respiratory tract illnesses, like the common cold. Most people get infected with these viruses at some point in their lives. These illnesses usually only last for a short amount of time.” 

The coronavirus is an enveloped, positive-sense, single-stranded R.N.A. virus of zoonotic origin that also have peplomer spikes that attach and transfer the virus. 

 In everyday terminology, this means that the virus can replicate in many ways, which then can form into four main strains, each with a different treatment style. The spikes in the R.N.A. single-stranded virus means it is a fast-spreading long term symptomatic illness. The two main reasons why people should take care of who they interact with and where they go — people who notice any symptoms and report them as soon as possible to a physician to optimal care. 

Treatment options are available due to positive-sense. There is a higher chance of helping fight corona by using antibiotics. The only problem is that too often people abuse antibiotics and creates antibiotic resistance. 

The World Health Organization decided to declare a global health emergency, a committee that made that determination came on January 31. However, the decision ultimately fell to the W.H.O.’s director-general, Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus. 

Such a declaration of global health emergency gave the W.H.O. a broader authority to shape different countries’ responses to the coronaviruses, but it is scarce for the W.H.O. to do as they have only declared the emergency five times before this case.